The colourful festival of Baisakhi is a historical and religious fair which is celebrated very enthusiastically across India specifically in the region of Punjab. This festival is celebrated by many religions and mainly in Sikhism, Hinduism and Buddhism.
Religious Aspect of Baisakhi
Baisakhi Festival holds a great importance in the religion of Sikhism. As the ninth guru of Sikhs, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji refused to convert to Islam on the orders of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Guruji then stood up for the common people’s freedom to follow any religion they wants to and can refuse to convert to Islam. After his martyrdom, the tenth and the last guru of Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobing Singh ji formed his religious army named Khalsa on the day of Baisakhi. This day is also celebrated to commemorate the formation of Khalsa Panth by Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji. Every year, on the eve of Baisakhi Sikhs take out Nagar Kirtans through the streets to celebrate this auspicious day. These processions are led by the Panj Pyaras with the swari of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji. The people sing kirtans and chant hymns during this procession. Karah Prasad is distributed among the crowd. All the Gurdwaras are decorated and the people visit them to take holy bath on this day.
In Hinduism, Baisakhi festival is celebrated to mark the solar new year. The harvest of the crops is complete and is ready to sell in the market. On this eve special fairs are organized and pujas are kept to pray and thank god for the abundance and prosperity in the future.
– Bikhoti Festival, Uttrakhand
– Bohag Bihu, Assam
– Maha Vishuva Sankranti, Odhisa
– Vishu, Kerela
– Puthandu, Tamil Nadu
To Mark Harvesting Season
The festival observes a great importance in the history of Sikhism and Punjab. Baisakhi is celebrated to mark the new year. This festival usually comes in the month of spring it is when the crops ripen. During this period of time the ripening crops of rabi is harvested in punjab. The farmers thank and pay tribute to the God for the abundant harvest and also pray for the future prosperity. Every year the festival comes in the month of April during spring. This year the festival will be celebrated on 13th March, 2017. During the harvest the baisakhi festival is celebrated in a traditional way. Fairs are held in the different parts of the Punjab region. People gather to harvest the crop and drums or dhol is played and everybody does bhangra and sings dohay.
Jalianwalla Bhag Massacre
On the day of Baisakhi in 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place when a crowd of non violent people along with pilgrims gathered to protest in bagh, Amritsar. The british army started firing non stop on these people on the orders of the Colonel Reginald Dyer. Without giving any warning to the crowd he blocked the main entrance. Many people died due to the firing, stampedes and some of them started jumping in the well to escape the shooting.
The city beautiful Chandigarh also celebrate this colourful spring festival very enthusiastically. Every year, many places like Pinjore Garden, Elante Mall etc organises various events on the eve of Baisakhi.