Punjab and Haryana High Court is the High Court of Punjab and Haryana. The high court has jurisdiction over the UT Chandigarh, the State of Punjab and the State of Haryana. The beautifully designed building of the court is designed by the famous French architect Le Corbusier.
History Behind Punjab and Haryana High Court
Established in 1919, the Punjab and Haryana court is situated in the capitol complex in sector 1 of Chandigarh city. Earlier the court was known as the Lahore High Court. The jurisdiction of that court covered undivided Punjab and Delhi. From 1920 to 1943, the Court was conferred with extraterritorial jurisdiction over that part of China that formed part of the British consular district of Kashgar, which had previously been under the jurisdiction of the British Supreme Court for China. This ceased upon the ratification of the British-Chinese Treaty for the Relinquishment of Extra-Territorial Rights in China. During the independence of India, a separate High Court was created at Shimla. This had jurisdiction over Indian Punjab, Delhi and what are now Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. From 17 January 1955, the Court was moved to its present location in Chandigarh. A separate High Court was constituted for the Union Territory of Delhi under the Delhi High Court Act, 1966. Three Judges of the Punjab High Court were transferred to the Delhi High Court, which was constituted on 31 October 1966.
The States Reorganization Act, 1956 paved the way for the formation of Haryana and the Union Territory of Chandigarh from 1 November 1966. Those formations also saw the renaming of the High Court of Punjab as the High Court of Punjab and Haryana. The Judges of the High Court of Punjab became Judges of the common High Court with all the powers and jurisdiction of the High Court of Punjab. However, the principal seat of the High Court remained at Chandigarh.
Spread over 100 acres of land, Punjab and Haryana High Court houses the offices of many administrative branches such as Establishment Branch, Registrar’s Office, Gazette Branch and Copying Branch etc. The Offices of Advocate-Generals, Punjab and Haryana also adjoin the main building. The uniquely designed colourful building has been inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is a popular tourist destination for people visiting Chandigarh.
A museum with a beautiful display of artifacts, rare documents and depictions showcasing how the High Court Building came into being, is also a part of the Punjab and Haryana High Court building premises.